the earlier years of the sport, badminton was played under a variety of conditions- courts of different dimensions, shuttlecocks
and rackets of many designs, even many different sets of rules defining the basic game. This ended in 1893 with the founding
of the Badminton Association of England and the accompanying codification of the rules. This was accomplished largely thru
the efforts of Colonel S.S.C. Dolby , A.P.D who had been playing badminton for more than 20 years and clearly understood the
need to standardize the sport. Colonel Dunbar's residence , "Dunbar" is recognized as the official birth place of the Badminton Association of England.
Tips on how to
Remember the following concerning
- tactically, a cross court backhand from full court is not wise to attempt by even
the best in the world. It is best to intercept your opponnent's clears at your 3/4 court area.
- practise your backhand only a few minutes each session on court. You will notice
improvement only if you are not trying too hard. Best results come when you are relaxed.
- try a grip change. For backhands that get behind you, place the thumb straight
up along the side of the handle and hold the racquet in the fingers. For backhands which are hit beside you (between you and
the sideline), place the thumb up the bevel of the handle closest to your body. For backhands hit between you and the net,
place your thumb straight up the rear flat side of the handle. Another way of looking at that is that as the contact position
of the shuttle changes and moves from closer to the net to closer to the rear of the court, your racquet rotates in the fingers
so that the face of the racquet is always parrallel to the net, thus causing the thumb's position to alter with respect to
the parts of the handle. Was that clear?
- many players make the error of bringing the racquet back leading on the backswing.
Keep the racquet higher than the forearm and draw both back together until the very last moment. The mirror image of this
is on the forehand where the elbow is drawn back first before the racquet, like drawing an archer's bow. The racquet should
not be taken back over the shoulder. The same thing applies for the backhand....the racquet should not be taken back on the
backhand so that the elbow is stuck up in the air with the racquet pointing to the floor. This would be biomechanically innefficient.
- think of "spanking the shuttle, not stroking the shuttle.
- many players find it effective if they place their racquet foot on the floor at
the instant they hit the shuttle, not before.
- key word to think about: "WHIP"
- key things to remember: loose grip, keep the
elbow bent on contact, keep an angle of less than 90 degrees between the wrist and the racquet shaft for better supination
of the forearm (rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces forward or upward), keep your back to the net, relax!!
is everything. It's the difference between making and missing the smash, the drop, the smash-return. If you're
not hitting the shuttle in the sweet spot of your racket, you end up using more energy to clear, and will get less power out
of your smashes. Improvement of timing will come with experience
and practice. One way to tell whether you're hitting the sweet spot is to check the wear on your strings - they should
be fraying the most around the center of the rackethead.
When serving the shuttle,
at the point of contact, the highest point of the head of your racket must not be above your waist. Additionally, the
head of your racket must not be above your wrist. Some part of both your feet must remain in contact with the ground
as you hit the shuttle.
Smashing is a low percentage
shot that should only really be attempted if your opponent has hit a weak shot to the middle of the court.
The action is essentially the same as for forehand clearing shots.
Turning your body and moving into the shot is more important here to get that additional bit of power. Jump for extra
height, to achieve the steepest possible angle on the shuttle.
Aiming the smash is important - you are most vulnerable right after smashing.
You'll be off balance and out of position after having put everything into your shot. The best place to aim is down
the sides, where your opponent will have to stretch to reach. However, this is low percentage as you can easily hit
it out. To increase your chances aim at your opponent's non-racket hand, or at their body to put them out of balance.
Give them as little space as possible.
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