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Congkak is played by two participants on the wooden, boat-shaped board on which there are two rows of evenly-sized cups. These rows are called houses and each has a larger sized cup at the end called a storehouse. Cowrie shells or seeds are used in the game. Congkak is a version of Egyptian game called “Mancala”. It is a very popular traditional game in Malaysia with slight variation to very Mancala. In Malaysia, the game board of congkak comes with many designs. An authentic one will be wood crafted with bird heads at both ends while some will be wood painted on top with local motifs. The choice of beads for the game will also vary. Sea shells are authentic to the game while most popular ones are glass marbles.


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Gasing in Bahasa Melayu means spinning of tops. It is a popular traditional game among the villages in Malaysia especially in Kelantan and Malacca after the rice-harvest when several villagers challenge each other to the test of skill. This game of spinning tops is played by first drawing a circle on the floor to define the area within which the tops must be kept spinning. To spin the top, a string is tightly wound round the base. The player clasps the tops in his hand, gripping the loose end of the string between the fingers, and throws the top into the circle. The force of the throw and the quick unloosening effect of the string make the top spin. The one whose top outspins the others within the circle wins the game. Gasing can be played individually or in teams of four. Gasing is also a traditional sport played by adults. The adult’s gasing tends to be bigger and can spin for a longer period than those played by the kids.


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Sepak Takraw


Sepak Takraw is also known as "Sepak Raga". Sepal Takraw was created by the royal family of Malaysia about 500 years ago. The name itself comes from two languages. Sepak is "kick" in Malay, and Takraw is the "ball" in Thai. When it is born, It looked like Japanese "Kemari", and some became a circle, and a pole was kicked, and the number of times was being competed in. Sepak Takraw was the name of an ancient game played in the Malay states and probably in neighboring countries as well. Raga was the rattan ball used in the game which involved the players standing in a circle keeping the ball in the air with not just the feet but various parts of the body except the hands. In 1965 the game was unified into the present volleyball style with the addition of a net and the adoption of international rules.


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Wau or Kite in Malay or Giant Kite is a uniquely designed Malayan kite that has flown since times past. It is called 'Wau' because the shape of its wing is similar to an Arabic letter (pronounced "wow"). It is a marvelous tradition inherent to the culture of the people, especially in the Eastern States of the Malayan Peninsula. Kites, called wau, once played by farmers on leveled ground after post-harvesting season, now attracts people from all walks of life. Today, the kite is still widely found in Kelantan and Terengganu, especially during harvest time. There are several kind of Wau, for example, Wau Bulan Kite, Wau Kuching Kite and others. However, the most popular shape is the Wau Bulan or Moon Kites, so called because it resembles the crescent moon. Besides that, Wau Kuching Kite is another very popular shape in Malaysia and decorated in the same way as the Wau Bulan. Some of the Wau Kuching Kite has a hummer attached which used to lull the kite fliers to sleep, to frighten away evil spirits, and to forcast the following days weather. In making a wau, bamboo is used for the frame.  The bamboo is split and soaked in mud for two weeks. This prevents the bamboo from being attacked by weevils as well as makes it more flexible.  The bamboo splits are made into a complex but lightweight frame, tested with one layer of paper and making alterations accordingly to make sure the kite is structurally sound. Next, the patterns are meticulously cut from rice-paper and glued on piece by piece to form intricate motifs. There is a major kite competition held annually in Kelantan which attracts participants from the region.


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Communication Studies Group Project by Andre, Kavidasan , Raymond and Alex

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